It’s possible for a pregnant mum who’s never had a diabetic history to develop gestational diabetes. During early assessments by the doctor in a mum’s early pregnancy stages, the doctor will identify several risk factors or characteristics that might raise a red flag for gestational diabetes1. They include the following2:
- Being overweight or obese before pregnancy
- Having family members (first degree) with diabetes
- A laboratory finding of sugar (AKA glucose) in the urine
- Having a previous pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes
That’s why starting at a healthy weight during your pregnancy is important.
Below is a table which shows recommended weight gains during the pregnancy. 3, 4
Keep in mind that the weight you gain has an immediate and future impact on your health, as well your little one’s. 4
So, how can I achieve and maintain healthy weight during pregnancy?
1. American Diabetes Association. What is gestational diabetes? Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/gestational/what-is-gestationaldiabetes.html. Accessed December, 2015.
2. American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2003;26(Suppl 1):S103-S105.
3. American Diabetes Association. Prenatal care for women with diabetes. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/pregnancy/prenatal-care.html. Accessed June 16, 2016.
4. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Weight gain during pregnancy. Available at: http://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Obstetric-Practice/Weight-Gain-During-Pregnancy. Accessed June 16, 2016.
5. Mayo Clinic. Pregnancy diet: focus on these essential nutrients. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy-nutrition/art-20045082. Accessed July 16, 2016.
6.American Diabetes Association. Diabetes meal plans and a healthy diet. Available at: http://diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/diabetes-meal-plans-and-a-healthy-diet.html. Accessed July 16, 2016.
7. MedlinePlus. Eating right during pregnancy. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000584.htm. Accessed July 16, 2016.
8. My healthy plate. Available at: http://www.hpb.gov.sg/HOPPortal/healtharticle/HPB064355. Accessed December, 2015.
9. Health Promotion Board. Diet and diabetes. Available at: http://www.hpb.gov.sg/HOPPortal/health-article/10540. Accessed December, 2015.
10.Diabetes.co.uk. Simple vs complex carbs. Available at: http://www.diabetes.co.uk/nutrition/simple-carbs-vs-complex-carbs.html. Accessed July 16, 2016.
11. NutritionMD. Making sense of foods. Available at: http://www.nutritionmd.org/nutrition_tips/nutrition_tips_understand_foods/carbs_versus.html. Accessed July 16, 2016.
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